What is pigging technology?
Pigging technolgy is the most cost effective and environmentally friendly method of simultaneous product handling and pipework cleaning. This technology can be applied in almost all types of industry.
What is pigging?
A contoured plug - the pig - pushes the product out of the pipe.
Which products can be pigged?
Every product which can be pumped can also be pigged.
What is the difference between an open and a closed pigging system?
Open system: As and when required, the pigs are loaded into the system and then taken back out again after a pig clearing procedure. The system works as a one-way-principle.
Closed system: The pigs stay in the system during their complete working life and do not have to be loaded into the system and then taken back out again.
Which pig design for which application?
A pig driven by a propellant can have a high kinetic energy. Pigging components and pipelines have to be designed for the load caused by these energies and the pig speed has to lie within certain limits so that the moving pig cannot cause any damage.
Especially when loading and unloading the pig possible risks must be reduced with suitable safety devices.
How can a good pigging result be achieved?
A good pigging result depends on following parameters:
Pigging suitability of the pipeline
Surface quality in the pipeline
Quality of the pipe bends regarding pigging suitability
Type of pipe connections
Quality of the weld seams in the pipeline
Viscosity and other product characteristics
Condition of the pig (pig new or worn?)
Construction characteristics of the pigging stations
Since when has pigging technology been applied?
Pigging technology has existed for more than 100 years. The first pigging systems were designed for transfer of crude oils. Simple pig types were used to transfer the product out of the pipeline. For this application also intelligent pigs for pipeline inspection were developed.
How expensive is a pigging system?
The costs for a pigging system depend on its complexity as well as the cleaning degree required.
The price varies from several thousand up to several millions EURO. A pigging system which is exactly designed for the specific customer's requirement leads to enormous cost savings.
What is the return of investment (ROI) for a pigging system?
ROI period of a pigging system depends on the manufacturing costs as well as on the extent of cost savings. With high quality products and cost-intensive disposal of rinsing media a pigging system profits can be realised within a year or possibly even months.
You can find more information about payback here: Cost Savings
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